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Cremation is Implicitly a Negation of the Faith and Always Disordered November 9, 2017

Posted by Tantumblogo in abdication of duty, Basics, catachesis, cultural marxism, error, Four Last Things, General Catholic, Interior Life, Revolution, scandals, secularism, the struggle for the Church, Tradition, Virtue.
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So says Father Albert of the traditional Dominicans of Belgium in the question and answer video below from The Fatima Center.

The question as originally asked is a bit on the silly side, asking if God can bodily resurrect those bodies that have been reduced to ashes through cremation. Goodness.  God is the Lord and Creator of the universe, of all that is, was, and ever shall be – if one decided to ride a Mk 17 20 MT nuclear bomb down to initiation a la Colonel Kong in Dr. Strangelove so that not even components of atoms remained after death, God could still resurrect that body.  God’s power is infinitely greater than our puny human acts, and nothing we could possibly do could ever interrupt His Will.

Having said that, on a philosophical, moral, and theological level, there are severe problems with the entire concept of cremation, which is why the Church opposed the practice for centuries.  Indeed, from a standpoint of historical etymology, cremation was first advanced by several anti-Catholic sects during the long history of the Church as a way to deny core Catholic Doctrines, such as the Christ’s Resurrection and Ascension and His role as our unique Savior.

Father expounds at some length on the dual nature of the human person, that of the soul united to the body, and the unique role each plays in man’s natural and supernatural existence. In this present life, the supernatural is more confined to the soul, and initially after death we shall be disembodied souls, but after the general Resurrection, both shall be united and we shall be complete, in a sense, again.  This is the promise revealed to us by divinely inspired and inerrant Scripture, and the constant belief and practice of the Faith. But even more, from a standpoint of logic, man was created by God out of matter to have a physical body, and shall not be complete after death until body and soul are reunited.  Thus, man’s ultimate end cannot be achieved until this Resurrection has taken place.

Note that the increased permission for cremation was tied into the general collapse of moral, theological, and ecclesiastical standards that were ushered in under John XXIII, even before the disastrous Council of the 1960s.  It can never be stated enough, Vatican II was not orchestrated in a vacuum, while much sleight of hand, subterfuge, and even immoral methods may have been used to produce the various approved documents, approved they were, and almost unanimously by thousands of bishops who should have, must have, known better.  Wheels were flying off all over the place even before the first session met.  But of course Vatican II advanced this process immensely, solidified it, and left us with a human element of the Church as broken as it has ever been.

Ranting to the choir, I am.  However, while there were hugely impacting individual elements of the 1960s conciliar revolution, much of the damage to the faith of millions came from a sort of death of a thousand cuts.  Cremation may, taken entirely by itself, not have a huge impact on the belief and practice of many Catholics (at the same time, however, it may well) who opt for it, but as part of a general process of disbelief, rejection of Tradition, and acceptance of cultural mores, it just becomes one more injury to the foundation of faith.  And in the present context, where tens of millions of self-described practicing Catholics are, in actuality, practicing heretics if not outright apostates, this practice can be a warning sign of seriously deranged belief.

I think Father Albert sums it up quite well when he says cremation is implicitly a negation of faith in the bodily resurrection and a dangerous, disordered practice.

So sayeth the shepherd, so sayeth the flock.

 

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All Day Masses Tomorrow on All Soul’s Day November 2, 2017

Posted by Tantumblogo in Admin, awesomeness, Basics, Christendom, Dallas Diocese, Four Last Things, General Catholic, Glory, Grace, Interior Life, Latin Mass, priests, sanctity, Tradition, true leadership, Virtue.
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There are Masses all day tomorrow at Mater Dei Latin Mass parish in Irving, TX.  So let not lack of convenient times be an issue to prevent anyone from earning indulgences for the poor holy souls in Purgatory!

Times below:

6:30am – Three consecutive Low Masses
9:30am – Three consecutive Low Masses
12:10pm Low Mass; 1pm Low Mass & 2pm Low Mass
7:00pm – Sung Mass followed by two Low Masses
Please remember, according to Canon Law you may only
receive Holy Communion twice in one day.

I assume readers already know the requirements to earn a plenary indulgence for the souls in Purgatory.  But if you need a reminder, go here.

Thank you all for your continuing prayers.  I have missed a great deal in recent weeks but really wanted to encourage folks to take advantage of the wonderful spiritual work of mercy offered by the traditional priests of Mater Dei in making Mass, and the plenary indulgences, so convenient for all on this so very important day.  Most all of us, if we are so blessed, will be in great need of such prayers one day, and our generosity now will certainly be repaid by the intercession of the Saints released from Purgatory through our prayers tomorrow!

If you know of other parishes, local or otherwise, with special Masses for tomorrow, you might be doing someone a great favor by posting that info in the comments.  Thank you for your generosity.

Traditional Catholic Mother Leaves Behind Amazing Legacy October 19, 2017

Posted by Tantumblogo in awesomeness, Dallas Diocese, Domestic Church, family, Four Last Things, General Catholic, Glory, Grace, Latin Mass, priests, Restoration, sanctity, Spiritual Warfare, the struggle for the Church, Tradition, true leadership, Victory, Virtue.
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I would like to thank my wife and reader skeinster for sharing this with me.

The mother of Fr. Joseph Portzer, FSSP, Teresa Mary Portzer (nee passed to her eternal reward recently.  She was a sister of 11, 3 of whom were nuns, mother of 14, grandmother of 71, and great-grandmother of 39 (she outdid my father-in-law, who is “merely” grandfather of 66 and about 24 or 5 great grandchildren).

Even more than an eminently pious and apparently holy life well led, being the mother of a priest, she was also a participant in this most holy tradition, of which I was heretofore unaware:

“The cloth (manutergium) in which the hands of the priest is bound is traditionally kept by the priest and is given to the priest’s mother. And the tradition is, then, when the mother of the priest dies that linen cloth, in which her son’s hands were bound when he was ordained a priest, is placed in her coffin. So that when she stands before Almighty God on her judgment day, she will have that cloth in her hands, so that she may say to Jesus Christ, that “Whatever sins I may have committed in my frailty, and whatever evil I have done, I gave the Church a priest.” And that gift of her son to the priesthood will be to her eternal glory in heaven.

In addition, the father of the priest receives the stole from the first Confession, for similar reasons.

A bit about the life of Mrs. Portzer:

Teresa Mary Portzer, 84, died in her home on Saturday, October 14, 2017 after a long illness.

She was one of the founding member of Queen of the Holy Rosary Parish, Vienna, Ohio, where her Requiem Mass will be held.

She is survived by her husband of 61 years, Arthur and by her children, Stephen, Paula Meluch, Joan Lipka, Elaine Borneman, Marie Price, Charles, Christine Easterday, Annette Prox, Edward, Gregory, Father Joseph Portzer, FSSP, Regina Aronica, Barbara Criste and Ronald; 71 grandchildren and 39 great-grandchildren; sisters, Elizabeth, Sister Mary, CDP, Sister Mary Providence, CDP and her brother, Bernard.

She was preceded in death by her parents, Charles Joseph Kriley and Catherine Josepha (Kuhn) Kriley; grandchildren, Andrew and Francisco Meluch and Christopher Michael Aronica; her sisters, Margaret, Cecilia Geibel and Sister Sylvester, CDP and by her brothers, Anthony, Charles, Francis and Wendelin.

The Requiem was held this morning.  Father Portzer, formerly parochial vicar at Mater Dei FSSP parish in Irving, TX, offered the Mass at Queen of the Holy Rosary FSSP parish in Vienna, OH.

Please pray for the repose of the soul of Teresa Mary Portzer.  Families like hers are the rocks upon which the human element of the Church is built.

Recent Data Reveals Government Policy Plays Huge Role in Advance of Culture of Death August 14, 2017

Posted by Tantumblogo in Abortion, Basics, contraception, Domestic Church, family, fightback, Four Last Things, General Catholic, paganism, Revolution, scandals, secularism, sexual depravity, Society.
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I know, hardly a surprise to readers of this blog or anyone who has been paying attention over the past several decades, but good, confirmatory data nonetheless.  Something to file away in your back pocket for potential future reference.

Two different cases emerged recently (h/t reader D for both) concerning two different but vital aspects of the culture of death/sexular pagan religious rites, sexual license and the deliberate murder of the sick and the elderly.  From the UK we learn that recent curbs in government sponsored indoctrination in sexual license (aka “sex education”) have led to a massive decrease in illegitimacy in pregnancy, and from the continent the opposite, government support for euthanasia has exploded into what could very well be described as a government sponsored killing spree.

First the UK report, via good ol’ Life Site News:

A new study indicates that teen pregnancy rates drop when liberal sex-ed funding is cut, the UK’s Catholic Herald reported.

The Effect of Spending Cuts on Teen Pregnancy” analyzed data in England before and after contraceptive-based sex-ed expenditures were slashed — cuts that were criticized by liberals and praised by Christians………

……..England has been forced to make severe cuts in recent years to its budget, including tax funds for sex-ed in schools and free birth control. [What government wants more of, it subsidizes.  What it wants less of, it taxes.  Governments the world over, but especially in the former Christendom, have been extravagantly subsidizing contraception and indoctrination in the sexular pagan ethos for decades, thus encouraging more of these disastrous situations and helping to hasten the decline and seemingly inevitable coming collapse of Western civilization.  When funding is cut, wonder of wonders, one major indicator of public morals, the rate of teen illegitimacy, suddenly falls sharply.  But few if any in power will learn the proper lesson from this, they are wedded to the sexular pagan revolutionary spirit.]

The study sought to “examine the impact of reductions in local expenditure on one particular public health target: reducing rates of teen pregnancy.”

The Paton and Wright research team used statistics from 149 municipalities between 2009 and 2014 and found that after sex-ed budgets were cut, teen pregnancy rates fell by 42.6 percent. [And massively so.  I am certain there has already been launched a massive PR campaign against the authors of this study, so contrary to the false doctrines of the high priests of the sexular pagan orthodoxy/media sexual industrial complex.  Data like this must be discredited, or the entire rotten house of cards could come falling down.]

The researchers discovered that taking away tax funding for contraceptive-focused sex education in schools actually reduced teen pregnancy. [So liberals have argued that “abstinency only” programs don’t work, and can cite a number of studies in support of their claim.  Perhaps.  Or perhaps “abstinence” taught in a framework of still immersing children in filth, ripping away their innocence and constantly extolling the unheard of joys of sex (which “joys” many kids find to be less wondrous in actual experience) – that is, indoctrinating them in a libertine sexual ideology – is simply asking too much?  Preaching abstinence to kids you’ve deliberately invoked to a sexual fury is a pretty thin screen to stand against such pressures. Perhaps abstinence works best when children are preserved in their innocence, not exposed to all manner of filth (which process starts at home), and taught that relations between a man and a woman are sacred, require tremendous intimacy, and are always oriented towards the procreation of children within the glorious God-given structure of Holy Matrimony].

So, some happy news for a change.  On the contrary, the cult of government-supported, even -ordered, murder of the sick and aged continues to grow at an alarming rate:

About 1 in 30 people in the Netherlands (3.3%) now choose to die through euthanasia. The rate has roughly tripled since 2002, when euthanasia was legalised. The other report came from Flanders, the Dutch-speaking region of Belgium, where euthanasia also became legal in 2002. Between 2007 and 2013, the prevalence of euthanasia there has risen from 1.9% to 4.6% of all deaths – nearly 1 in every 20 deaths. The Flemish authors attempt to explain this enormous change in social mores. First, they argue that “values of autonomy and self-determination” have become more important for the Flemish. And public approval of euthanasia continues to rise, perhaps with the help of very positive reporting in the media……..

………As one Dutch ethics professor has said, ‘The risk now is that people no longer search for a way to endure their suffering.’ In other words, are the Netherlands and Belgium turning to physicians to solve with euthanasia what are essentially psychosocial issues?

Indeed, the article notes that half of all Dutchmen seeking government-sponsored and -funded suicide list loneliness as a significant factor contributing to their desire to die.  I wonder how many of these aged Dutch are childless or have no grandkids to enliven their old age?

As I noted above, government is creating more demand for euthanasia by subsidizing it.  An eager media seems happy to see thousands of people a year killed with government approval.  And governments in nations with taxpayer funded single payer health insurance schemes have a positive incentive to see old and sick people die as quickly and efficiently as possible – to reduce costs on the system and reserve more funding for the bureaucrats.

Brave New World, indeed.  Huxley meant it as a warning, but more and more the cultural movers and shakers seem to view it as a blueprint to their eternal socialist paradise hell.  In Brave New World, no one got sick, but everyone was killed at 60.  Except the World Leader, of course.  He got to live as long as he wanted or could.

Funny how it’s generally us plebes who wind up bearing the burdens and consequences of the policies our “betters” have determined to inflict on us.

Novus Ordo Anointing of the Sick Not a Sacrament – Not “Equivalent” to Extreme Unction? May 31, 2017

Posted by Tantumblogo in abdication of duty, Basics, catachesis, different religion, disaster, error, Four Last Things, General Catholic, horror, priests, religious, scandals, secularism, sickness, Society, Spiritual Warfare, the struggle for the Church, Tradition, Virtue.
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A very interesting little bit of catechesis below from The Fatima Center.  The traditional Dominican priest who answers these questions (since Fr. Gruner’s demise, RIP), Father Albert, claims that not only is the modern, post-conciliar sacrament “Anointing of the Sick” deficient compared to the Sacrament of Extreme Unction in its practical application, the way “anointing of the sick” is done in most parishes is so bastardized in its minimalist reductio ad absurdam that it no longer even constitutes a Sacrament:

“There is an essential difference between “anointing of the sick” and the traditional Extreme Unction.” “Often, the anointing of the sick that is given in the Novus Ordo is not a sacrament at all.”

I was always gravely disturbed by the monthly “anointing of the sick” ceremonies that occurred in some local NO parishes.  Literally everyone lined up to receive an entirely perfunctory blessing, irrespective of their general health.  I mean 25 year old marathon runners were getting blessed.  There was no examination of conscience, no contrition expressed, only the most minimal of anointings, and, I long ago concluded, little grace conferred.  I have long wondered if such a truncated service could indeed be considered a Sacrament.  According to Father Albert, most of the time, it is not.

So, Extreme Unction, properly received, removes temporal debt due to sin.  It is a Sacrament ordered almost entirely towards aiding those in serious threat of death or with serious health problems in attaining Heaven at their particular judgment.  It is not a “sacrament of healing” as “anointing of the sick” is generally called now in the Novus Ordo world.  It was never a Sacrament intended to be received over and over again on a monthly basis in a totally perfunctory way.  And what is even more sad, is that I have seen the mentality of this bowdlerized group blessing translate into the hospital and sick bed, where only the most dilatory of blessings are conveyed on those who truly are gravely ill instead of the thorough preparation for death and blessing for the passage of the soul from the body which has traditionally been given in the Church.

As with so much in the Novus Ordo, and as Father Albert notes, the accidental aspect of the Sacrament has assumed the primacy, whereas its primary role has been reduced to distinctly secondary place.  In this case, the accidental healing qualities of Extreme Unction have become the focus in the “sacrament of healing”  – and note once again the humanistic nature of the change, with most all the focus on bodily healing in this life rather than the preparation of the soul for its real life, that is the next life, which shall be eternal.

I had long felt there were grave deficiencies with the anointing of the sick as it is practiced in most all Novus Ordo parishes but had never managed to put the concerns so precisely and succinctly.  Thanks to The Fatima Center for these helpful  catechetical videos.

 

Requiescat in Pace John Vennari April 4, 2017

Posted by Tantumblogo in Four Last Things, General Catholic, Glory, sadness, Tradition, true leadership, Virtue.
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John Vennari passed away today.   A nice memorial from The Fatima Center Youtube account:

He was a devout soul.  God bless him.  May he rest in peace.

Please Pray for John Vennari February 22, 2017

Posted by Tantumblogo in Admin, Four Last Things.
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I am told he is near death.  Please pray for John Vennari, longtime publisher and writer at Catholic Family News, who has evidenced his great concern for the Church and charity for others for decades.  He was diagnosed with cancer several months ago.  He entered the hospital again within the past few days.  I have never met him but have admired his work from afar for several years. May our Lord bless and sustain him in this most difficult of trials, and should this be his time to pass over from this life may his soul rest in the peace of the Lord forever.

Mr. Vennari was also a longtime collaborator of Fr. Nicholas Gruner (RIP) of the Fatima Center, who entered into his reward last year.

This Stinks: Gene Cernan dead at 82 January 16, 2017

Posted by Tantumblogo in Four Last Things, General Catholic, history, manhood, sadness, Society, technology, Victory.
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The old Apollo guys are going to their reward one by one.  Who is left at this point that walked on the moon?   Buzz Aldrin, Al Bean, Dave Scott, John Young, Charlie Duke, and Jack Schmitt.  All are in their 80s.

But today the last man to walk on the moon died.  Gene Cernan, who lived outside Kerrville, was 82:

Gene Cernan, an early NASA astronaut who was the last man to set foot on the moon, died Monday, NASA announced in a tweet. He was 82.

Cernan was the commander of Apollo 17 in December 1972 – the last lunar mission and one of the final Apollo flights. When Cernan stepped out from lunar module “Challenger” he became the 11th person to walk on the moon. His lunar module pilot, Jack Schmitt, was the 12th. But as commander, Cernan was the last to re-enter the module, making him the last person to walk on the lunar surface.

Cernan had previously served as the lunar module pilot on Apollo 10 and was a pilot on the Gemini IX mission.

Cernan logged 566 hours and 15 minutes in space, of which 73 hours were spent on the surface of the moon, according to NASA.

Cernan was one of only three men to travel to the moon twice.  The other two were Jim Lovell (still alive) and John Young.

There was a big row in NASA in the first half of 1970 when Nixon foolishly decided to gut the Apollo program (although, in his defense, most all of NASA management wanted it gutted, too).  After it was announced that Apollos 18-20 would be cancelled, even though the hardware was already almost entirely built (everything but the LMs for Apollo 19 and 20), the scientific community got all fired up because the then-current crew rotation would mean that no scientist would fly to the moon if Apollo 17 was the last mission.  The first scientist scheduled to go was Jack Schmitt to the Tycho Crater on Apollo 18 with Commander Dick Gordon.  No Apollo 18 meant no scientist on the moon.

But not so fast.  The science guys raised a big enough ruckus that NASA management was “encouraged” to change the crew rotation.  Gordon and Schmitt had been training together for 6 months at that point so Gordon hoped the entire crew for 18 would just replace Gene Cernan’s crew for 17.  That would have left Cernan out in the cold.  But instead, the awesomely skilled former X-15 pilot Joe Engle was bumped as LMP from Apollo 17 in favor of Schmitt, and Dick Gordon had to watch his chance to be the somewhat famous last man on the moon go up in smoke.

Gene Cernan was a bit of an anomaly among early Apollo astronauts in not being a test pilot.  He was an attack aviation guy in the Navy, flying Skyhawks, when he found out he had been accepted into the third round of astronaut selectees.  Cernan was generally viewed as a competent straight shooter who perhaps had the flaw of being a bit aggressive in his self-promotion.  There was quite a bit of that among the Apollo astronauts, of course.  After his time in NASA and almost de rigeuer collapse of his first marriage, Cernan became a bit of a sad creature, a sort of a caricature of his salad days version of himself, always Captain Cernan, always the former astronaut, not Geno or Gene anymore.

Still, they rarely make men like this anymore.  We’re much too soft to produce such steely eyed missile men as those who flew to the moon in a delicate, lowest-cost government-run contraption.  Engineering was done on slide rules back then, with no 3-D solid modeling and with less computing power in the entire NASA basement than one smart phone today.  And yet they did it, and the engineers of back then were probably far, far better than those of today, man for man.

Gene Cernan was at least a nominal Catholic most of his life.  Not sure if he died one.  I pray for the repose of his soul.

Few know Cernans’s most dangerous mission was not Apollo 17, was not on Apollo at all, but was on Gemini 9A.  During the mission he was to perform only America’s second spacewalk, the first since Ed White briefly flew outside Gemini 4.  What most people did not know at that time, is that White barely made it back inside the spacecraft.  His inflated pressure suit did not want to fit in the cramped capsule and he and commander Jim McDivitt struggled mightily to get it closed. As a result, White got quite severely overheated.

Well, White’s walk lasted perhaps 20 minutes, whereas Cernan’s was scheduled to last several hours.  However, he also ran into problems with inadequate cooling in his spacesuit, especially when in the 250 degree temperatures on the sunny side of the world.  Physical exertion, of which there was plenty, made him sweat profusely.  Then, when the capsule went around the night side of the earth, all that moisture inside his suit froze.  His visor was almost completely frosted over and Cernan was blind.  He barely managed to make it back inside the ship, and probably had a heat stroke trying to get the hatch shut.

Cernan and Stafford repeated their two-man team on Apollo 10, when another accident could have killed them both.  An incorrect setting on a guidance computer caused their Lunar Module to tumble out of control while practicing the landing maneuvers that Apollo 11 would perform on the first lunar landing.  The telemetry showed the LM “Snoopy” doing three 360s before Stafford flipped the switch to go from backup abort guidance to the Apollo Guidance Computer.  That fixed it.

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A New Miracle at Fatima, and the End of the World January 5, 2017

Posted by Tantumblogo in awesomeness, Basics, catachesis, Christendom, Domestic Church, error, family, Four Last Things, General Catholic, Interior Life, Latin Mass, priests, sanctity, sickness, Society, The End, Tradition, true leadership, Virtue.
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A sermon in two parts from the priest whose online presence is most warmly welcomed back.  He discusses the original Miracle of the Sun in 1917, and a new one that occurred this past year in Fatima, which was witnessed by about 100 pilgrims to that great Marian shrine.  The sermons are fairly long – the first, 38 minutes, the second, almost 43.  So, you’ll be investing quite a bit of time, in spite of the priest’s fast speech.  A huge amount of catechesis is contained herein, though much of the history of the original apparitions and miracles at Fatima may be review for most readers.

Regarding the new miracle that occurred, it happened on May 4, the day the Novena for Our Lady of Fatima typically starts.  It happened in the 99th year since the original Miracle of the Sun.

 

Sadly in these times almost all people, including Catholics, have very little Faith in Our Lady, take very little heed of the warning present in the Miracle of the Sun, and basically dismiss any thought that they will be held strictly accountable for their actions in their lives (Catholics even more strictly so), either at their individual judgment or when this world will cease to exist.  I am not as concerned as the priest is that Fatima, Francis, and other things point to an imminent Parousia.  But the message he conveys is just as valid whether the world is scheduled by God to end in 10 months, or in 10,000 years.

An absolutely chilling recounting of the horrors of dying in the Flood, and even surviving it in the Ark, closes out the sermon.  It’s worth listening to if only for that.

Moving on to part 2. Father leads off this second half of the sermon with a reassurance that, simply because many signs and portents may point to a relatively imminent end of the world, we don’t need to freak out and lose our sense of peace over that.  More than likely, every one reading this will face their individual judgment before the Last Judgment occurs, but even should the Last Judgment occurs in our lifetimes, what, precisely, should we be doing differently than what we should already be doing?  Be in the state of Grace, remain obedient, practice virtue, perform your vocation in life to the utmost of your ability, try to reach out to souls in charity by giving good example, etc., etc.  The point of the warnings is to make sure people know they REALLY REALLY REALLY need to be doing their duty, because the time is probably much shorter than they think, but that applies whether the Parousia is happening this year or not.  I could be hit by a bus tomorrow, whereas the Church has always declared that anyone who tries to fix a particular time for the end of the world is in error and cannot be believed.

Having said that, Father goes through the Apocalypse and various writings of Fathers and Doctors to explain how the end times will go down, starting with the Great Apostasy, which will occur within the Church toward the end of days.  He notes that most Church Fathers believe the Great Apostasy will start within the clergy and bishops, and from there spread out to the faithful, corrupting the vast majority of souls.

I’ll not steal any more of Father’s thunder and reveal how the sermon ends, but I think you will find it as edifying and helpful as yesterday’s.

Please say at least three Hail Mary’s for the priest.  He’s been relocated out of Texas.

Plenary Indulgence Available Today at Dallas Cathedral November 18, 2016

Posted by Tantumblogo in awesomeness, Basics, Dallas Diocese, Four Last Things, General Catholic, Glory, Grace, Interior Life, Restoration, sanctity, Tradition, Virtue.
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Thanks to reader MJD. I think this is associated with the “holy doors” for the Year of Mercy.

Guadalupe Cathedral in Dallas (confessions still offered M, T. W, TH, F before the 12 Noon and 7 PM Masses – arrive at least 30-45 minutes before the mass starts)

or

St. Patrick’s Cathedral in Ft. Worth

Friday, Nov. 18  – earn a plenary indulgence for yourself or the holy souls in purgatory/departed loved ones

“A plenary indulgence is granted to the faithful who visit a Cathedral on the feast of the Cathedral of St. Peter the Apostle and there recite an Our Father and the Creed – (Nicene or Apostle’s Creed)

**Requirements for obtaining a plenary indulgence:

・Do the work while in a state of grace,

・Receive Sacramental confession within 20 days of the work (several plenary indulgences may be earned per reception),

・Receive Eucharistic communion (one plenary indulgence may be earned per reception),

・Have no attachment to sin (even venial) – i.e., it is sufficient that the Christian makes an act of the  will to love God and despise sin.